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Agriculture in Congo Kinshasa

Agriculture is one of the pillars of the Congolese economy, and it contributes significantly to the food security of the population. The Democratic Republic of Congo has a large area of arable land, which can be exploited for food production. Despite this potential, the Congolese agricultural sector faces many challenges, including weak infrastructure and agricultural technology, rural poverty, low productivity and malnutrition.

“The area of arable land is about 80 million hectares, almost half of the total area of the country. However, only about 10% of this land is cultivated, mostly by smallholders who use traditional farming techniques."

Most Congolese farmers are smallholders producing at around 16 million (World Bank), who grow cereals, vegetables, fruits and tubers, mainly for subsistence. The most important crops are maize, cassava, rice, beans, sorghum, millet, sweet potato, plantain and soybean. Coffee, cocoa, tea, palm oil and rubber are also grown in some parts of the country.

Agricultural production in the DRC is often driven by factors such as poor seed quality, low use of fertilizers and pesticides, lack of water, deforestation, climate change, demographic pressure and armed conflicts. Soils in many parts of the country are also depleted of nutrients, reducing agricultural productivity.

Despite these challenges, initiatives to improve agriculture in the DRC have been undertaken in recent years. One of these initiatives is the "Green Revolution" program, launched in 2017 by the Congolese government, which aims to modernize the country's agriculture by introducing modern agricultural technologies, improved seeds and sustainable farming practices. This program aims to increase agricultural productivity and improve the livelihoods of Congolese farmers.

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) (AVSF (Agronomes et Vétérinaires Sans Frontières) have also worked to strengthen Congolese agriculture by providing quality seeds, technical training, financing, agricultural tools and storage and marketing infrastructure. These NGOs have also encouraged crop diversification, the promotion of organic farming and the conservation of biodiversity.

In addition, food security in the DRC is a major concern, as many Congolese will promote malnutrition. About 26% of the population suffers from chronic undernourishment.

Agricultural production in the Democratic Republic of Congo has enormous potential to grow and improve the lives of millions of local farmers. With the efforts of governments, NGOs and investors, farmers can adopt modern techniques and sustainable farming practices to increase their production.

The use of improved seeds, fertilizers and irrigation techniques can boost farm productivity and profitability. Promoting the processing and marketing of agricultural products can stimulate the local economy, improve food security and create jobs for rural populations.

Agriculture can become an engine of economic growth and sustainable development for the Democratic Republic of Congo.

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